What to expect at your doctor’s appointments in your first, second and third trimester of pregnancy

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Pregnancy is an exciting and transformative time in a woman’s life. Regular prenatal care is essential for monitoring the health of both mother and baby, and throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy, doctor’s appointments play a vital role in ensuring a healthy pregnancy and preparing for labor and delivery. Here are a few things you can expect at appointments during each trimester.

First Trimester:

During the first trimester, your doctor will focus on establishing a foundation of prenatal care and ensuring a healthy start. Here’s what you can expect at your first appointments:

  • Initial Consultation: Your first visit will involve a comprehensive discussion of your medical history, previous pregnancies, and any specific concerns or risk factors. This information helps your doctor develop an individualized care plan for you.
  • Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination will be conducted, including a pelvic exam and Pap smear if needed. Your doctor will also measure your height, weight, and blood pressure.
  • Blood and Urine Tests: Blood and urine samples will be taken to assess your overall health, check for any existing conditions, and confirm your pregnancy. These tests may include blood type, Rh factor, complete blood count, and screening for sexually transmitted infections.
  • Prenatal Vitamins: Your doctor will recommend prenatal vitamins containing essential nutrients like folic acid, iron, and calcium to support the healthy development of your baby.

Second Trimester:

The second trimester is often considered the most comfortable period of pregnancy. Here’s what you can expect at your doctor’s appointments during this time:

  • Regular Check-ups: You will typically have monthly appointments to monitor your overall health and the progress of your pregnancy. During these visits, your doctor will measure your weight, blood pressure, and assess any new symptoms or concerns.
  • Genetic Screening: Between weeks 15 and 20, your doctor may offer genetic screening tests, such as amniocentesis or non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), to assess the risk of chromosomal abnormalities like Down S
  • Anatomy Ultrasound: Around week 20, you will have a detailed ultrasound to evaluate your baby’s anatomy, measure growth, and ensure the proper development of organs and structures.
  • Glucose Screening: Between weeks 24 and 28, you will undergo a glucose screening test to check for gestational diabetes. This involves drinking a sugary solution and having your blood sugar levels measured afterward.

Third Trimester:

As you approach the final stages of your pregnancy, your doctor’s appointments will focus on preparing for labor and monitoring the well-being of both you and your baby:

  • More Frequent Check-ups: Starting around week 28, your appointments may become more frequent, occurring every two weeks. Your doctor will monitor your weight, blood pressure, and check for any signs of complications like preeclampsia.
  • Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Test: Between weeks 35 and 37, you will be tested for Group B Streptococcus, a bacterium that can be passed to the baby during delivery. This test involves a swab of the vagina and rectum.
  • Pelvic Exams: In the later weeks of pregnancy, your doctor may perform pelvic exams to check the progress of your cervix and assess its readiness for labor.
  • Birth Plan Discussion: Your doctor will discuss your birth preferences and help you develop a birth plan, including pain management options, delivery location, and any specific requests you may have.

Attending regular doctor’s appointments throughout each trimester is crucial for monitoring the progress of your pregnancy, ensuring your well-being, and promoting a healthy outcome for both you and your baby. From the initial consultation to the final weeks of pregnancy, your doctor will provide guidance, support, and medical care tailored to your specific needs. Remember to discuss any concerns or questions you have during your appointments, as open communication with your healthcare provider is essential for a positive pregnancy experience.

If you’d like to schedule an appointment with one of our physicians, contact us here today!


  1. Ayuda T (2015) Second trimester: What happens at your prenatal appointments.
  2. (2022a) Prenatal care: 3rd trimester visits.
  3. (2022b) Prenatal care: 1st trimester visits.

Posted in: Obstetrics, Women's Health

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